EU Draft Action Plan on Resilience
Our comments to the EU Draft Action Plan on Resilience
The EU draft Action Plan on Resilience includes much of the holistic, multisectoral approach to address the underlying causes of the problems that has been adopted by the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) and European Union National Red Cross Societies (EUNS) for more than a decade, and shared with the European Commission in July 2012. Download the position paper on Resilience.
On the basis of contributions from the IFRC and EUNS, the Red Cross EU Office has identified where the EU draft Action Plan on Resilience needs improving, as well as areas where the Red Cross would be best placed to participate as an implementing partner.
Aspects to be improved
The EU draft Action Plan on Resilience has a top down approach that focuses on government actors as implementation partners and does not fully acknowledge the need to include affected communities and Civil Society Organizations for a successful resilience approach.
It also contains a pledge to include the insurance industry in risk assessment and risk financing mechanisms and while the Red Cross EU Office recognises that insurance industry knowhow on risk evaluation can be very useful in improving the performance of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) actors, it believes that the Action Plan should concentrate more on the transfer of such knowledge to those actors. This insurance industry involvement should not be the basis for subsidising new markets using emergency and development resources.
The support for private sector development referred to in the EU draft Action Plan on Resilience should be specified more precisely and focus on local community-based enterprise.
Photo Caption: Beneficiaries of an IFRC payout load construction materials onto a tricycle after buying materials at a local hardware store in Santa Josefa, Agusan del Sur on 23 May 2013. The IFRC issued cash donations to victims of Typhoon Bopha for the repair and construction of their shelter. Philippines. Agusan Del Sur. 23 May 2013ALANAH TORRALBA/ IFRC.
Areas where the Red Cross would be best placed to participate as implementing partner
As partners in the EU Aid Volunteers Initiative or in the application of the resilience approach to many of the specified actions, such as DRM, DRR/CCA and Food Security the IFRC and EUNS could help correct the top down approach of the draft plan. Additionally, IFRC publications on Community-based Disaster Risk Reduction Programmes (CBDRR) and Resilience could serve as reference documents in developing and improving the tools and guidelines that the Action Plan identifies as immediate needs. The IFRC and EUNS can also provide the European Commission with a better understanding of outcomes thanks to their practice of conducting impact studies of CBDRR.
Photo Caption: A beneficiary of a shelter repair kit donated by the IFRC poses beside her home in Barangay Santa Emilia, Veruela, Agusan del Sur on 23 May 2013. The IFRC donated repair kits to victims of the typhoon whose houses needed minor repairs. Philippines. Agusan Del Sur. 23 May 2013ALANAH TORRALBA/ IFRC.
The urban resilience initiatives described in the draft Action Plan could be implemented through the shelter cluster system; as Shelter Cluster Convener, the IFRC is well placed to be a partner in this and could also contribute to the elaboration of urban resilience methodologies using the expertise developed in its Participatory Approach on Safe Shelter Awareness.
Read more about our Humanitarian Diplomacy work in the field of development cooperation policy.
Shelter and Settlement (IFRC website)
PASSA - Participatory Approach for Safe Shelter Awareness